Maharashtra, the third largest state of India both in
area and population, is a state in west central India. It has a western
coastline stretching 330 miles (530 Km) along the Arabian Sea from Goa (former
Portuguese territories) on the south to Daman on the north (both now districts
of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman, and Diu). On the northwest is the state
of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh on the north and east, Andhra Pradesh on the
southeast, and Karnataka is on the southwest.
Maharashtra was formed in 1960 when the Marathi and Gujarati linguistic areas
of the former Bombay state were separated. Bombay (Mumbai) city is the capital
of the state.