Forts of Maharashtra

Forts

On land and ocean, the strength of stone stands mighty over years. The Maratha heartland is fortified by over 350 forts – the largest number in any state in India. Here, the crimson-edged sword of the Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's gleams with the pride of a victorious warrior.

The once-proud bastions of army, today stand silent and dignified. Battered by the weather gods, often plundered, walls crumbling in sections and roofs blown away, yet the forts of Maharashtra exude power and inspire awe.

Maharashtra’s forts speak of vision and authority. Whether it’s the mountains that call out to you or the ocean, Maharashtra has a fort for all seasons.

Hills beckon
The Ajinkyatra Fort, Satara, stands tall at 3,300 feet, offering visitors a sprawling view of the city. The Daulatabad fort around Aurangabad dates backs to the 12th century hilltop fortress era. In the Harishchandragad fort famed for its height, remnants of Mesolithic man have been discovered. While the Lohagad and Visapur forts, are trekkers’ delights.
Mahabaleshwar offers views of Chhatrapati  Shivaji Maharaj's famous mountain fort, Pratapgad. Shivneri the birth place of Chhatrapati  Shivaji Maharaj's is sacred for his followers and one of the best maintained forts in Maharashtra today. While Raigad, the capital of the Marathas, has an enchantingly quaint but technically sound ropeway to pull you up to its taunt peak.

Fortresses of the seas
The Arnala islands around Vasai are sheltered by the Jaldurgs, as the sea forts are fondly referred to. Janjira the invincible fort near Murud sits majestic lashed by the churning ocean on all sides. Take a little boat and make a trip like the locals: bags full of fish, chickens in cane baskets and even motorcycles consider the ferry a daily ride home.
Maharashtra’s coastal splendor is magnified by Sindhudurg, Chhatrapati  Shivaji Maharaj's ocean fort on a rocky island makes a lovely picnic spot as you imagine horses and armies marching forward. Built in the 12th century Vijaydurg fort was named Gibralter of the East by the British for its sheer invincibility.

Forts that built cities
Whether it’s the 500-year-old Ahmadnagar Fort or the Portuguese Bassein that had a European city within it, forts have built localities. And an old British fort, lent Mumbai’s fort district its name. Kandhar in Nanded District was the seat of power of the Rashtrakuta dynasty in the 9th century CE. Maharashtra’s many forts speak of supremacy, command and muscle combined with intellect. Visits that remind you of the legacy you have been passed on to use and preserve for future generations.


Central ASI

  • Out of the 360 forts that bear testimony to the glory of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's, the Pratapgad Fort holds the most significant place in Maratha rule because it is from here that the history of this legendary emperor took a decisive course after he scored a victory against the mighty Afzal Khan, commander of the Bijapur Adilshahi forces. Also, the fort commands a spectacular view of the surroundings.
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  • For those in search of a heady mix of adventure, discovery of nature and a trip down history, nothing can beat a visit to the fort of Shivneri. It not only provides an emotional and historical connect with the place where the great Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's was born but also proves to be an opportunity to test your trekking skills.
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  • At the time of the rule of the Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's, the one thing that Maharashtra got in abundance was forts. With its hilly terrain and the ruler’s expertise at establishing forts at strategic points, the state can now lay claims to have some of the finest, strongest, and the most unique forts of India. Out of these, the ones at Lohagad and Visapur occupy an extremely important place in the history of Maratha rule for the various military activities that they witnessed. 

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  • rajmachi
    Ask any regular trekker to draw up a list of some of the popular destinations for trekking in Maharashtra and Rajmachi will definitely figure on it. Although just a small village in the rugged mountains of Sahyadri, it has been a favorite tourist spot for the presence of two forts, namely Shrivardhan and Manaranjan, both of which are located amidst a green canopy offering amazing views of hills and valleys. 
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  • daulatabad-5
    For most tourists, Aurangabad is synonymous with the caves at Ajanta and Ellora. But there is an equally significant, and historic. This is the Daulatabad Fort, which is an architectural wonder for its rock-cut caves and passage, a structural temple, moat, defence walls, palaces, royal baths, residential quarters, bazaars, stepped wells, tanks, etc. Its historical prominence comes from the fact that during the rule of the Tughlaqs, the capital was shifted from Delhi to Deogiri which was renamed Daulatabad. 
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  • It is to the credit of those who ruled across Maharashtra that they were able to build forts in the most unlikely places, at times on terrains that would have been virtually impossible to reach or navigate. And so while there are many forts atop almost insurmountable hills, one of the most unique is the one at Janjira. This island fort stands on a rocky outcrop near the mouth of the Rajpuri Creek and never once was it conquered by the enemies of those who ruled here because of its location.
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  • A fort built on an island – this is something that immediately conjures in the mind scenic images of the ocean waters lapping against the fortification in stone and providing a 360-degree view of an enchanting landscape. This comes true at Korlai Fort, a Portuguese fortification in the town of Korlai, which guards the way to the Revdanda Creek. Its imposing presence fires the imagination of those days when guarding a particular territory was a prime occupation of the rulers.
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  • Very few places would be able to surpass the majestic combination of a hill fort with an amazing variety of wildlife surrounding it as is the case with Narnala. Here, the fort is considered one of the most imposing and intricate hill forts in the Melghat region, protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. Further, the region encompassing the hill has been declared a wildlife sanctuary and a protected forest, which is what makes it such a delightful tourist destination. 
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  • To gain an insight into how the Maratha rulers became such a huge and powerful force, a visit to some of the forts built or conquered under the reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's is a must. Of such forts, Vijaydurg, the oldest fort on the Sindhudurg coast, is one of the most interesting because it was virtually impregnable. Its geographical advantages include the 40 kilometer long Waghotan creek. While large vessels could not enter the shallow water of this creek, the Maratha warships could be anchored here and yet remain invisible from the sea. 
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    If indeed you would like to know how visionary, intelligent and resourceful the Maratha rulers were in Maharashtra, a visit to the Sindhudurg Fort in the Konkan region should be a must. It was built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's on an island two kilometers into the sea and had the advantage of rock formations around it to give it natural protection. Apart from the beauty and historical value of this fort, the surrounding landscape in itself is a tourist’s delight with several options for adventure too.
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  • The fort of Panhala occupies a prime place in the history of Maharashtra and is also a favourite destination as a hill station. Built by the Shilahara dynasty of Kolhapur in 12th century, the fort passed into the hands of the Yadavas of Devgiri, Bahamani, Adilshahi and subsequently the Marathas. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's spent many days on this fort which was under the dominance of the Marathas until the 17th and mid-18th century. Queen Tarabai was the founder of the Panhala throne of Karvir alias Kolhapur princely state. The fort has witnessed great many upheavals and battles and is located around 20 kilometers from Kolhapur. An interesting view from Panhala is that of the pass that connects the rest of Maharashtra with its coastal areas.

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    Located about a quarter of a mile off the coast from Harnai port is the fascinating Suvarnadurg Fort. A rocky island, Suvarnadurg is about 8 acres big with stone wall bastions. The sea-gate of Suvarnadurg fort depicts carved figures of a tiger, eagle & elephants and fifteen old guns are located inside this sea fort. Suvarnadurg is cetainly a must visit during your Dapoli vacation. Fishing boats are available from Harnai port to 

      In 1688, when Mughal general Siddi Kasim laid a siege to the fort, Achaloji Mohite who was in charge of the fort joined hands with the Mughals against Marathas.  
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  • Mahuli_thumb
    In Thane district near Shahpur-Asangaon we find a group of three mountains – Mahuli, Bhandargad and Palasgad. Here the nature is so pleasant that we must visit this place to see the natural beauty. The mountain with many pinnacles is known as Mahuli. Mahuli is divided into three parts – northern one is Palasgad, Mahuli in the middle and Bhandargad on the southern end Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's took this fort from Mughals on 8 Jan 1658. In 1661 it was given back and was won again by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's. In treaty of Purandar, in 1665, Marathas lost these forts again. The Moghal sardar Manohardas Gaud was the in charge of this fort. He did much construction on the fort. In Feb 1670, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's tried to conquer Mahuli, but failed. Thousand of Marathas were killed by Moghals. It was a bad blow to Marathas. Even after this victory, Manohardas Gaud, the chief of the fort gave up his position and a new chief Alveerdi Beg was appointed. On 16 June 1670, after two months, Moropant Pingle conquered the forts and Mahuli, Bhandargad and Palasgad became part of Swarajya.
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  • thumb_vasai
    The coastal line of Maharashtra is divided into North Konkan and Konkan from travelling perspective. Mumbai is the main island in North Konkan and to protect it, many forts were constructed. Out of these forts, the fort of Vasai is the significant one. One who ruled this fort, could rule over the surrounding regions of Mumbai, Thane, and Saashti. The fort witnessed the victory of Marathas under the leadership of Chimajiappa, from 1737 to 1739, against the Portuguese.
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  • gavilgad_thumb
    Gavilgad Fort is near Chikhaldara hill station in Amravati district, Maharashtra. It is believed that the fort is 300 years old. Some beautifully carved idols, which is believed to carve during the period of the Nizams, when Elichpur was their capital are worth to see.
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  • thumb_arnala
     The fort of Arnala is built on the northeast of a small island Arnala. As river Vaitarna of North-Konkan meets the sea near this fort it is possible to keep watch on this creek and the surrounding area.
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  • thumb_Sion_Fort
    The British built this fort to on a hill on the eastern face of Mahim creek under the rule of Gerald Aungier. The Marathas took over this fort in Vasai campaign. This was between British ruled Mumbai and Portuguese ruled Sashti or Salsette Island. 
    This fort was to safeguard the trade route via Mahim creek.
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  • thumb_Talgad
     Many forts have been built on the mountain ranges surrounding Roha, of which Talgad fort is one. Its main objective was to keep a watch on the Mandad creek where the Kundalika river meets the Arabian sea. Kundalika river served as a vital trade route and thus Talgad, Ghosalgad, Avchitgad forts and Kuda caves were built for its protection which signifies the importance of the trade route.
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  • thumb_Avchi
    The southern part of Konkan is adorned by natural beauty. The city of Roha is situated on the banks of Kundalika River. Avchitgad is situated in the mountain ranges around Roha. This region is beautiful, and the fort is one of the rich forts of Maharashtra. Dense woods along the mountain have made it bit difficult to ascend the top.

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  • thumb_ghosalgad
    Fort Avchitgad and Fort Ghosalgad are situated near the city of Roha. Fort Ghosalgad may have been built to keep a watch on the business & trade activities which were enrouted through Tamhanghat. This route passed through Janjira, Talgad, Ghosalgad, Tamhanghat, Ghangad and was considered to be an easy route to transport the goods to the cities in ghat areas.
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  • thumb_hirakot
    Situated in the heart of Alibag the Hirakot Fort was built in the 1720s. The significance of the fort can be seen in its imposing high walls. It is believed that the fort was house to tonnes of accumulated treasure obtained from various sources. Today parts of the fort are used as District Jail. A visit to the fort is sure to be an experience worth remembering.
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  • birwadi

    Mountain ranges starting from Avchitgad ( Roha ) engulf many small forts like Ghosalgad, Talgad, Mangad-Kuradugad and Birwadi fort.  From Roha Birwadi fort is just 18 km. If you have a vehicle you can easily reach the fort in just 1-2 hours.

     

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    Chandragad fort is a surrounding area of Mahabaleshwar. The fort of Chandragad is very easy to trek with its height of 2303 feet high. From the top of Chandragad beautiful views can be seen. During rainy season the fort looks amazing with its nearby places.

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    Balapur Fort is a Mughal fortress in the town of Balapur in the Akola district. Construction on the fort was started by Mirza Azam Shah, the son of Emperor Aurangzeb and it was completed by Ismaeel Khan, the Nawab of Elichpur in 1757.
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  • kolaba fort thumb
    Lying at a distance of 2 kms from the shores of Alibag, is the Kolaba Fort also known as Kulaba fort after the Kamaludin Shah baba (Ku-La-ba). Said to be 300 years old, the fort is surrounded by sea and has two chief entrances, one on the seaside and the other in the direction of Alibag. The walls of the fort are said to be 25 feet high. 

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    surgad or God's Fort (T. Roha) in the north-east of the Roha taluka and eight miles east of Roha town, consists of a long and exceedingly narrow spur running south from the range of hills which separates Roha from Alibag and Nagothana. On either side stretch flat rice lands from which the hill is separated by a thick belt of forest. Towards the top the hill becomes a mass of compact dark basalt, almost bare of vegetation. Between it and the main range of hills on the north runs a ravine or chasm about 150 feet deep, and to the south the spur stretches into a low range of woody hills, which, after about two and a half miles, fall into the plain near the village of Poi.

     

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    Chandrapur Fort (formerly Chanda Fort) is the oldest area in Chandrapur.
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  • jaigad fort
    he meeting point of the river Shashtri and Arebian Sea is called as the creek of Jaigad. For the protection of this creek two forts were constructed, one is Vijaygad at the north direction and the other is Jaigad at south.
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  • Memorial of Vaghya, the loyal dog at RaigadT
    High up on the hill of Raigad where the strong winds will buffet you and the valleys around will mesmerize you with their scenic splendour is the fort of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's, the great king of the Maratha Empire. This was the capital during his rule, also important for the fact that Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's coronation took place here on June 6, 1674. It was also here that he breathed his last. The fort today is a favourite tourist destination, also high up on the popularity chart with avid trekkers because of its difficult terrain.   
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State Managed

  • The Paranda Fort in the Osmanabad district of Maharashtra was never actively engaged in any of the battles fought during the reigns of the Marathas or the Mughals. However it was still a strategic fortification used as a munitions depot and even today one can see remnants of weapons lying about. Some scholars believe that the Paranda Fort was erected during the period of the Yadavas and that Mahamud Gavan restored it in 1470 CE. Some others believe it to have been built in 1470 CE by Mahamud Gavan, the prime minister of Bahamani king Muhammad Shah II. After the disintegration of the Bahamani kingdom, the fort became a part of the Ahmadnagar kingdom. 
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  • As one of the top military outposts during the reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the fort of Sinhagad not only offers a fascinating peek into the history of the Maratha Empire but is also a perennial favourite with trekkers and the residents of Pune because of its proximity to the city. While standing atop the hill and taking in the panoramic view of the landscape below, you cannot help but wonder at the vision of those who built such imposing structures at such great heights.
     
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  • It is a known fact that a lot of the history of Maharashtra has been structured and re-structured by none other than the Maratha ruler, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. And when it comes to any mention of this warrior king, Rajgad cannot be left behind. This majestic and sprawling fort atop a hill in the Sahaydri ranges was where Shivaji spent almost 24 years of his life. It was also the capital of the Maratha Empire up to 1672 CE.
     
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  • Most forts, and particularly the ancient ones at that, are now in a state of ruin with just broken stone structures helping us imagine their erstwhile grandeur. However, one among those that has survived the ravages of time is the fort at Kandhar, located 55 kilometers from Nanded. Constructed at a strategic point on the banks of the river Manyad, it has its fortifications intact, thus making a visit worth the while.
     
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  • mulher_thumb
    The North-South stretch of Sahyadri originates in the Baglan region of Nashik. The North of Sahyadri, in the Baglan region, has got dual ranges, Selbari – Dolbari. Forts like Tambolya, Nhavigad, Pinnacles of Mangi and Tungi lie on Selbari range while Mulher, Moragad, Salher, Hargad, Salota lie in Dolbari range. These forts lie on the border of Dang region, a dense forest, in the West of Gujarat and Baglan region in Maharashtra.

    The other name of Baglan is ‘Bagulged’. There is a mixed impact of Gujarat and Maharashtra on the living-style of residents, as the region is on the border of these States. The land of this region is very fertile, making people to adopt farming as their occupation. Plenty of water makes this region fully flourished and rich. 

    In the Satana Taluka of Nashik district, lies the fort of Mulher. There is a Mulher village at the foot-hills of this fort
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  • Salher_thumb
    Just as Kalsubai boasts to be the highest peak in the Sahyadris in Maharashtra, Salher has the distinction of being the highest fort in the Sahyadris. 

    Baglan is the fertile region being fed by the rivers Mokshaganga and Akshaganga. This is one of the areas rich in agricultural productivity, forests and wealth and the villagers here are quite well to do. Still, there are tribes like the Kokan and Bhils living on these hills. The perimeter of the Salher fort is around 11 Kms encompassing an area of around 600 hectares. 
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  • Darwaja of Galna Fort_thumb
    Galna was an important place at the end of the fifteenth century. It had for some time been held by a plundering Maratha chief when, about 1487, two brothers Malik Wuji and Malik Ashraf, the governors of Daulatabad, took it and held it for some time. They brought the country into excellent order. In their contest with Malik Ahmad Nizam Shah of Ahmadnagar, and the disturbances that followed the murder of Malik Wuji, the Musalmans seem to have been forced to, give up Galna, and it again passed to a Maratha chief who was reduced to order and made to pay tribute by Malik Ahmad Nizam Shah in 1506. On the death of Malik Ahmad Nizam Shah in 1510 the Galna chief once more threw off his allegiance and could not be made a tributary till 1530, when, with other Maratha chiefs, he was defeated and forced to pay tribute.
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  • Parola_thumb

    Parola fort was built in 1727 and the size of the fort is 160 to 130-sq-meters. It is believed that the fort belonged to the father of the Great Rani of Jhansi- Lakshmi Bai. Hence, Parola is believed to be the native of Rani Laxmibai.

             Parola Fort, is located at Parola city in Parola Taluka of Jalgaon District of Maharashtra state, India. To reach the attraction one hire Taxis, Auto rickshaws, Tongas and Buses and get around the city.

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  • Nagardhan_Fort_thumb
    Nagardhan, situated 38 kms northeast of Nagpur and about 9kms south of Ramtek, is an old town founded by a Suryavanshi King. Main attraction of Nagardhan is the Nagardhan Fort, supposed to be built by Raja Raghuji Bhonsle, a maratha king of the Bhonsale dynasty. The square shaped palace inside the fort has an outer rampart with bastions and had an inner wall surrounding the buildings. The main gate of the fort on the north-west side is still in good condition. 
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  • Manikgad_Fort_Monument_of_Maharashtra

    Manikgad(also called Gadchandur) is an ancient fort in Chandrapur district, Maharashtra. It is a hill fort 507 metres above sea level built by the Naga kings in the 9 CE. Currently the forts is in a state of ruins and is frequently by wild animals that live in the vicinity like panthers and boars. Several monuments of historical importance are also present in the area.

     
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  • naldurg_thumb
    Naldurg is the biggest land fort in Maharashtra. It has 3 km long fortification wall and 114 bastions. ‘PaniMahal’ is the most attractive monument on this fort. It gives amazing view from inside of this ‘PaniMahal’, when water from ‘Bori’ river flows down from the top of this ‘PaniMahal’. This view can be enjoyed at the end of the monsoons.
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  • torna_thumb
    Whenever Maratha history is recalled it is always the fort of Torna that is commemorated for being one of those forts captured by  Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in his teenage. It has been rightly said by James Douglas "It was Chhatrapati  Shivaji Maharaj's  first conquest, the nucleus around which all the others clustered, making it virtually the cradle of the Marathi Empire, which shocked the throne of the great Moguls. It has been the scene of many bloody battles. If Sinhagad is Lion's does then Torna is Eagle's nest." 

    On the fort are found many trees of the type “Toran”, which may be the reason for the name of the fort. The fort is located in Pune district, 18.36 degrees Latitude & 73.37 degrees Longitude. The village at the base of the fort is called “Velhe”. To the south of Torna is the river of Velvandi & to the north is the Valley of Kanad River.
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  • bhudargad thumb
    Bhudargad fort is located about 63 km south of Kolhapur. This has a characteristic mountain cap and easily accessible by road. The remnants here are still quite intact.
    This fort was built by Shilahar king Bhoj II. Then being with Adhilshah for many years, it was captured by Marathas in 1667. Shivaji Maharaj renovated the fort and made it an important army post. However, it was recaptured by Adilshah and then again by Marathas in 1672. Rajaram Maharaj had stayed on the fort while returning from Gingee.
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  • rangana fort thumb
    Rangana Fort  or Prasiddhagad  is a very rare example of what can happen when extreme nature and extreme human achievements can do. Rangana Fort situated in deep core forests and on a peek where even modern amenities fails in today’s world so one can imagine how and what made it possible to built and portray a fort structure in such dense and dangerous area. 
    Rangana fort is famous as Prasidhdha Gad in the Maratha history situated in the Sahyadri Mountain on the boundary of Kolhapur and Sindhudurg districts of Maharashtra at the height of 2600 ft above MSL. The capital of Kolhapur region was Panhala at all times. Rangana is situated at 50 km south of Panhala. Fort not easily accessible, strong and not easily defeat able even to enemies.
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  • vishalgad_thumb
    Vishalgad Fort is an ancient hill fortress that is located almost 76 km towards the north west of Kolhapur in the state Indian state of Maharashtra. The fortress is also known as Khilna fort or Khelna fort. It was one of most significant forts of the Maratha Empireduring the reign of Chatarapati Shivaji Maharaj. Shivaji captured the fortress and included it in the Maratha kingdom in 1659. Vishalgad Fort was originally occupied by Adil Shahi Dynasty of Bijapur. Later Shivaji and his army attacked the fortress but they failed as it was well defended by the Adil Shahi garrison. Eventually Shivaji again attacked the fort and became successful in capturing it. It was named as Vishalgad by the great Maratha emperor. The structure covers an area of 1130 m (3630 feet). 
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  • rasal gad thumb
    The Sahyadri range extends in North – South direction along the Konkan coast. There are many mountain ranges that branch-off over several miles from the main Sahyadri mountain range. Beyond Poladpur, as we head towards Chiplun via Khed, we come across the forts of Rasalgad, Sumargad, and Mahipatgad. These forts lie in Jawali forest region. Youngsters also plan a trek as Pratapgad – Madhumakarandgad – Rasalagad - Sumargad - Mahipatgad.
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    First of the references for this fort is found in Greek traveller Pliny’s works in first century AD, where he refers to this fort as Mandargiri or Mandgor. No reference is available till 1548. In 1548, Portuguese won this fort from Adilshah. Later Kanhoji Angre captured this fort and renamed as Himmatgad. Due to rivalry between Peshwas and Tulaji Angre, Peshwas allied with British and waged a war with Angres. Commander James captured the fort and named it as Fort Victoria. Since it was not economically viable to maintain this fort, it was handed over to the Peshwas
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  • underi thumb
    Khanderi and Underi are the forts built on two Islands near Thal, very near to Alibaug. The forts still stand proud in the Arabian Sea as they stood against the British and the Siddi in 17th century, and their walls are still intact. We can see the iron canons with cart wheels on Khanderi, which are rarely found in Maharashtra. Underi was taken over by Siddi and then begin a series of skirmishes between Siddi and the Marathas

    Underi became a news sensation when it was sold on May 16, 2006 by State government to Ramesh Kundanmal of Dolphin Stone Crest Estate Pvt Ltd at Rs 2 crore. Later, due to media pressure and consistent protest from trekking community, the deed was cancelled.
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  • bharatgad thumb
    Bharatgad rests on the south shore of Kalavali creek in Masure village of Malvan taluka and has an area of about 5 to 6 acres. As the fort is now home to private Mango plantations the structures are well maintained and the citadel and bastions are still intact.
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  • shirgaon
    The fort of Shirgaon is 5 km north of Mahim in Palghar Taluka. Seashore behind the fort is very beautiful, but is lonely as the fort is quite neglected.
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    In all there are 11 forts in Mumbai, which guarded the various creeks and the sea routes. The British built a fort on Worli Island in 1675, which forms “L” shaped region with Bandra fort and Mahim fort. This region was characterized by silent sea, and hence suitable for sea traffic.
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    The Sewri Fort  is a fort in Mumbai built by the British at Sewri. Built in 1680, fort served as a watch tower, atop a quarried hill overlooking the Mumbai harbour.
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    Mumbai is made up of 7 islands, and was separated from main land due to Mahim creek. This was an important trade route, and the Mahim fort was built to safeguard it. Mahim fort is the most ancient fort in Mumbai region.
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    Mumbai is made up of 7 islands, and was separated from main land due to Mahim creek. This was an important trade route, and the Mahim fort was built to safeguard it. The Portuguese built Bandra fort near today’s Bandra reclamation (formerly a part of Sashti or Salsette island) to make this region more safe.
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    Dhule, the one of its kind city in Maharashtra is home to Laling fort. ahirani is the main language of this city the peculiarity of this area is that the day temperatures reach upto 40 degrees Celsius while the night are as low as 10 degrees Celsius which makes trekking interesting. Another thing which can be noticed here is the vegetation cover on the land is quite less.
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    To the west of the Mulshi dam is the Mawal of Korbarase. The forts Korigad and Ghangad lay this region. Korigad is built near the Savashni Ghat, which connects Lonavla and Pali. This fort is well known due to its fortification that is still intact. To visit the forts in this region, one needs at least 3-4 days leisure. One can also go for a cross-country trek which includes Korigad, Ghangad, Tailbaila Walls, Sudhagad and Sarasgad.
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    Ankai generally known as ANKAI-TANKAI, the strongest hill fort in the district, rises about 900 feet above the plain and 3200 feet above the sea, six miles north of Yeola and near the Manmad and Ahmadnagar road.
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    A historical fort at Kharda is a historical tourist attraction. It commemorates the Battle of Kharda fought between the Maratha Confederacy under the Peshwa of Poona and the Nizam of Hyderabad, in 1795.
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    The village Chondi, the birthplace of Punyashlok Rajmata Ahilyadevi Holkar, is in this taluka. The state government of Maharashtra has decided to develop Chondi as a national memorial.
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    This medieval period fort is situated in tumsar taluka and about 13 km away from tumsar in the dist.
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    Vetalwadi fort or Vasai fort (not to be confused with Vasai fort in Thane district) is situated in Aurangabad district near Soygaon taluka. Its solid and huge fortification, bastions and buildings are still in a good condition, which easily grab trekkers’ attention and gives a feel of a complete fort. If we are travelling from Mumbai or distant place, it is convenient to cover the nearby forts Janjala, Sutonda, Bhanshigad, Lahugad, Vetalgad and Rudreshwar caves along with the same.
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    Antur Fort is a fort in Kannad city in Aurangabad district. The fort was built about the middle of the 15th century by a Maratha Chief and was named after him. It remained in the possession of his descendants for about a century and was then taken by the Mohammedans. Between 16th and 17th centuries it belonged to the Nizam Shahi of Ahmadnagar, as is evidenced front several inscriptions in the fort in which some of the kings of this dynasty are mentioned.
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    The fort of Dharur is over 400 years old. It offers a panoramic view of the surroundings. The fort is located at a distance of about a furlong to the west of Dharur on a hill range with an average height of about 753.47 meters (2,472 ).
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    This is a taluka headquarter, just 20 kms away from Latur. Ausa also has a old historical fort which today is in ruins. The pace has a huge temple of Virnath Maharaj, built by his son Mallinath Maharaj about 300 years ago.
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    Udgir Fort in the Udgir city in Latur district, its a fort built in pre-Bahamani age, dating from the twelfth century CE. It is also famous for the historic battle in which Marathas, led by Sadashivrao Bhau, defeated Nizam, and after which the treaty of Udgir was signed.
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    Purnagad fort is situated on a mountain which is at the origin of Muchakundi creek. This fort is having a small area but the bastions are having a very strong construction. One can view the entire fort premises in a sight.
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    It is a sea side fort constructed on a high ground. The fort is all constructed from laterite rocks which are available in the area.
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    Dharavi is well known as one of the largest slums in the world. The slum was founded in 1880s in part because of the expulsion of factories and residents from the peninsular city center by the colonial government, and from the rural poor migrating into urban Mumbai.
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    Fort George was an extension to the fortified walls of Bombay (now Mumbai) built in 1769.
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Unprotected Forts

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    In a region that is essentially known for its hill forts, a long coastline with wonderful beaches and places of pilgrimage, Sajjangad in the district of Satara not only occupies a place of historical importance but tops the list when it comes to the devotees of Samarth Ramdas Swami, one of the most prominent spiritual mentors in this part of India. It was here that he stayed for a long time as also breathed his last.
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    Of all the small forts scattered around the Palghar region, Asheri can be termed as the “Elder Brother” due to massiveness of it's size and height. As it covers a huge area the fort looks impressively strong.
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    On western side of Mumbai, there is a famous beach of Kelve. From this village Bhavangad fort is 3 km away. During Vasai campaign the Marathas built this fort to put a check on Portuguese.
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    Tandulwadi fort is situated about 4.5 km away on north east side of Saphale Road station on Western Railway. This fort is one of the most beautiful spot for mumbaikars to visit in one day.
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    Gambhir in Marathi means ‘serious’. So, Gambhirgad and its environment is according to its name quite ‘serious’. Situated in Thane district and on Gujarat border, it is probably the last fort in Thane district.
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    Gorakhgad is a fort that can be visited in a day's time, quite reachable from Mumbai and Pune. Though the history of the fort is not known, Gorakhgad attracts trekkers due to its thrilling experience of climbing vertical rock wall and breath-taking views. This region of Gorakhgad and Machchindragad has a dense forest cover.
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    Bhupatgad is situated in Jawhar Taluka in Thane District. It is the best place for a one day trek. Jawhar is like a hill station of Thane district. But it faces an acute water shortage in summer season.
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    Malanggad is built on a hill, which is situated around 16 Kms south of Kalyan. It lies to the North East of Badlapur and East of Mumbai and “Saashti”. Karanja and Uran to the North East and Bhor Ghat, Bhimashankar and Malshej to the East of Malanggad makes this region strategically important during times of war.
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    Belapur village is located at a place where Panvel creek confluences with Thane creek. The local inhabitants of this village were mainly Kolis. After the victory of Vasai, Portuguese captured Saashti Island. In order to gain a control over the trade through the creek and to protect themselves from the Marathas across the creek, Belapur fort was built.
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    Shree Ganesh is the deity of knowledge. Pali is a famous place. Lord Ganesh is wworshipedeverywhere. The eight places, which are important pilgrimages of Ganesh, are called “Ashtavinayak”. Lord Ganesh of Pali is named Ballaleshwar. Sarasgad is situated on the borders of Pali. A very huge wall of Sarasgad is at the north south border of Pali.
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    Looking mostly like a surveillance tower this fort has a very little historical mention.
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    The pinnacle of Lingana had always been a matter of attraction in my imagination.
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    Khanderi and Underi are the forts built on two Islands near Thal, very near to Alibaug.
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    People can visit Sagargad (Kheddurg) all year round. This fort was built to keep an eye on the shores of Alibaug and Dharamtar creek.
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    After setting up Raigad fort as the capital of Swarajya, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj built a chain of forts and also strengthened other forts around Raigad for its protection and to deter the enemies’ possibility of attacks on the headquarters. The chain of forts included Mangad, Panhalghar, Songad, Chambhargad and Lingana.
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    Chatrpati Shivaji Maharaj made Raigad as the capital of Maratha kingdom, and built a chain of forts to strengthen it.
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    Sudhagad is one of the ancient forts in Sahyadri. It was the glory of Bhor state. Initially, Sudhagad was called as ‘Bhorapgad’. During empire of Shivaji Maharaj this fort was named as Sudhagad. This fort is approximately 590 meters in height. Sudhagad is a huge fort. It is called as the replica of Raigad.
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    Fort Peb is situated on northeast side of Panvel, on Mumbai-Pune road, at a distance of 3-4 km on west side of Neral. To avoid crowd at hill stations like Matheran, nature lovers must visit the nearby fort Peb. This is the most beautiful one-day trek.
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    Mandangad and Bankot were built to safeguard the trade route through Savitri River, which was an important trade route.
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    Palgad was built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. This fort is situated in dense vegetation near Palgad village, on the Khed-Pali route. This is the village where Sane Guruji was born. This fort is said to have been used as a watch tower.
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    Gopalgad was built at the mouth of Dabhol (ancient name Dalbheshwar) creek to keep a check on the trade route on the river Vashishti, which runs till Chiplun. This was also known as the fort of Anjanvel which was a significant port during Maratha regime. This great fort today unfortunately is at the mercy of a privateer who is utilizing the fort for his own gains, due to which one can see locked gates to the fort entrances and private guards on the fort. A group of trekkers has been protesting against this from past 7 years.
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    It is a sea side fort constructed on a high ground. The fort is all constructed from laterite rocks which are available in the area. There is one elephant carved out of these rocks in this fort. There is also one stand post for the flag carved out in the stone. There is one main external wall structure and inside there is citadel. The total area is 25 acres. There are various structures some of which are multistory. These structures are palace, accommodation for soldiers, granary etc. There is also trench around the fort.
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    Gowalkot/Govindgad fort is situated on a hill on the banks of Vashishthi river in Chiplun. The fort is well protected by the river from three sides and a trench was been built on the fourth side which is now in ruins. the main aim to build this fort was to protect the port of Chiplun.
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    Rasalgad, Sumargad and Mahipatgad mountain range is 12 miles to the east of Khed taluka and Mahipatgad fort which lies on the northern end of the hill range is the tallest among the three and spread on 200 acres of land. Mahipatgad – Sumargad – Rasalgad is one of the well known range treks in the Sahyadris.
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    This fort is not, as the Marathi name suggests, very simple to trek. G. N. Dandekar, one of the greatest historians, writes about the fort, “We have to climb the cliff on eastern face of the fort by catch-holding one tree.” The fort lies in between the forts, Rasalgad and Mahipatgad. This fort is covered by dense forest and also has a difficult route to climb. This may be the possible reason that the fort has lost its familiarity among the trekkers.
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    Bhawangad is located in Sangameshwar district, 12 km north of Sangameshwar town on Mumbai-Goa old Highway. There is a big temple of Goddess Bhavani which is visited by many pilgrims every year.
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    Ratnadurg (BHAGAVATI FORT) is at a distance of 2 to 3 km from Ratnagiri city. It is the main attraction for the travelers because of the beautiful Bhagvati temple on it, nice view of the sea and a secret way to the sea.
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    The north - south range of the Sahyadri starts from Baalgan Baaglana in Nashik district. The range starting from north is called Selbari or Dolbari range. Mangi-Tungi Pinnacles, Nhavigad falls into the Selbari range while Salher, Mulher, Moragad, Hargad, Salota forts fall in the Dolbari range.

    These forts are located on the border of dense forest of Daang region of West Gujarat and Baaglana region of Maharashtra.
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    Sahyadri range is mainly divided into three parts: “Shambhu Mahadev” Range, “Bamnoli” Range and “Mhasoba” Range. The forts Santoshgad, Varugad, Mahimangad and Vardhangad are a part of “Mhasoba” range and in ‘Maan’ district. It takes two days to see visit all four forts. Santoshgad is also called as ‘Fort of Tathawada’, since the base village is called by that name.
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    Chhtrapati Shivaji Maharaj built Padmagad, Rajkot and Sarjekot to protect Sindhudurga. Sarjekot stands at the mouth of Kolamb creek. In monsoon the Maratha ships were anchored in this creek.Chhtrapati  Shivaji Maharaj built this fort in 1668.
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    In ancient times, the shipments arriving at the port of Malvan and Achara were transported to different market places for business and trade via several mountain routes. Hence, many forts were constructed at strategic locations to protect these important trade routes. Siddhagad fort in Sindhudurg district was built to keep a watch on the route from Malvan and Achara port towards Ajara market. This route passes through Kasal River and the mountain passage of Ghotgi and the fort was strategically constructed to keep a watch on this route.
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    Karjat is one of the favourite destinations for trekkers. This is a central location for trekkers to visit places like Rajmachi, Peth, Songir, Peb, Irshalgad, Bhivgad, Dhak and Bhimashankar. Sondai, a relatively less known popular fort is also within reach. This fort is a part of the Matheran range. Though it does not have any structural remnants, the scenic views it offers and the final 15ft of rock patch makes it a thrilling experience. This fort was supposedly built as a watch Tower.
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     Maharasshtra is known as the land of rocks, where the mighty Sahyadris have formed. One of these mountain ranges which passes through Dhule district have two forts of Songir and Laling on the Dhule-Agra highway. This fort was built to keep an eye on the Surat-Burhanpur trade route.
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    There are 2 forts by name Songiri in Maharashtra, one near Karjat in Pune district (also known as the fort of “Avalas”) and the other near Nagothane in Raigad district. Songiri in Raigad district was one of the supportive forts like Birwadi and Surgad to protect main forts like Avchitgad, Ghosalgad and Talgad.
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    River Gad which originates near the Fort Rangana travels almost 80 kms before meeting the Arabian Sea. It served as an important trade route and a vital transport link in those days and Ramgad fort served as an important vigilance base for the same. This fort was built by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj on a hill dissected from the main mountain range of Sahyadri and has its main doorway, fortification wall and bastion intact till date.
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    The village of Nivati is located to the south of Sindhudurga fort, about 10 km away from Malvan and 15 km from Vengurla. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj constructed this fort in order to safeguard the sea route from Karli creek near Malvan to Vengurla.
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    Bhagwantgad stands by the Kalaval creek in Malwan Taluka of Sindhudurg district. Spread across 1.5 acres of land, Bhagwantgad is bestowed with pristine dense forests. On the other side of creek one can see Bharatgad fort. Picturesque beauty of Konkan and along with these two forts is a must see.
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    Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj built Padmgad, Rajkot and Sarjekot to protect Sindhudurga. Padmgad stands between Malvan sea shore and Sindhudurga on a rock, in order to avoid attacks on this way. This rock was carved out to build dock for building and repairing ships. Before Tsunami it was possible to walk to this fort during low tide.
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    Sahyadri is not just a mountain range, but it is a great treasure of history, the history of the struggle by the great Marathas, & ancient Satvaahans, who left for us with their fine arts with which very few modern carvings can be compared. The Satvaahans ruled what is today called the state of Maharashtra, & their great regime is commemorated by the remnants of the forts & caves they constructed in the heart of the Sahyadris. The whole range that has been guarding the ancient commercial route of Naneghat for thousands of years includes the forts of Jeevdhan, Hadsar, and Mahishgad & Chavand. These belong to the Satvaahan era. And Chavand being one of them is a very significant one.
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    Chandan-Vandan, the twin forts, are situated at about 24 kms. from Satara. Cultivation of sugarcane crop in this area has facilitated this area with roads, electricity supply, S.T. bus service and such other basic services. These forts can be easily identified from Pune-Satara route because of their flat plateaus. These forts lie on the boundary of Satara city and Mahabaleshwar region. To the east of these forts lie Jarandeshwar Kalyangad, Bhavani hill, while to the west lie the forts like Vairatgad, Pandavgad.
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    Sahyadri range has plethora of forts. Taluka Junnar, belonging to the Pune district is no exception. Hadsar is a beautiful fort located in this region. Starting from Naneghat, one can combine Jeevdhan, Shivneri, Lenyadri, Hadsar and Harishchandragad into a six-day visit.
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    Ajinkyatara is also known as ‘Fort of Satara’. It can be seen from anywhere in Satara city. Ajinkyatara is built on the mountain, which belongs to “Bamnoli” range that starts from Pratapgad. The geographical significance of all these forts is that, it is impossible to travel directly from one fort to another. All the forts in this region are comparatively less heightened.
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    The terrain in Maharashtra is highly uneven, and is primarily divided as coastal plains and eastern plateau. These are connected by ghats. Sixty such ghats exist in Sahyadri, and they have played a major role as commercial routes. Huge forts guarded each of them. The whole range that has been guarding the ancient commercial route of Naneghat for thousands of years includes the forts of Jeevdhan, Hadsar, and Mahishgad & Chavand. Jivdhan lies at the mouth of Naneghat, and is a quite tougher one. Moreover it is famous for the pinnacle Vandarlingi.
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    The last fort built in Maharashtra is supposed to be Malhargad. The Sahyadri range, to the west of Pune in Velha taluka, is bifurcated, one of which has the forts of Rajgad and Torna, while on the other range are the forts of Sinhagad, Purandar, Vajragad and Malhargad. This range is known as the Bhuleshwar range which is spread along the East-West direction. The fort is believed to be built to keep watch on ‘Dive’ ghat along the Pune-Sasvad route. The fort was built during the period of 1757 A.D. to 1760 A.D. It is also known as Sonori because of the village of Sonori situated at its base.
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    Bhairavgad comes under the regions of Koyananagar. The significance of forts here is that they are away from the actual range and hence are invisible from long distance. The main attraction of these forts is the dense forest. This fort has been declared as ‘sanctuary’. All the villages once situated are moved out from the sanctuary. Buses are available to reach at the base village.
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     Pandavgad, situated near Wai is easily identified due to its peculiar structure. The mountain on which the fort is built looks as if it is crowned by rocky surface. It is very near to Wai village and is situated on the Wai - Maandhardev route. There are good sights near by this place.
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    The fort Vairatgad is situated in the province of Wai, and 8 km away from Wai. It takes one day to see the fort. Travelling has become easy due to regular bus service and private vehicles to the base of the fort.
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     Kalyangad is situated in Satara. All the forts in this area are built on the hilltops separated from the mountain range. The peculiarity of this fort is it is easiest to climb. The bus service here is good because sugar cane is grown on large scale and transportation is essential.
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    The Sahyadri , which stretch along the north-south direction, also have ranges that branch off eastward. On one of it Sinhgad stands. The same range continues for 24 kms before terminating at Bhuleshwar. On this very range lies the prestigious “PURANDAR FORT” along with Vajragad. We have to travel across Katraj ghat, Bapdeo ghat and Dive ghat to reach upto the foothills of the fort. The fort is covered by plateau region on all its sides.
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    Mahimangad is about 51 km south of Phaltan city. This fort is in Maan Taluka in Satara, and is a part of the chain of forts created to guard the ancient trade route from Mahad to Bijapur. The fort is located near Mahimangad village on the Satara – Pandharpur road. All the forts in this region are built on isolated mountains and their shapes are unique.
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    According to Sabhasad Bakhar, Gandharvagad is one of the 111 forts restored by Chhtrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
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    Situated in dense forests surrounded by river Koyna is the fort of Vasota, which according to the ‘Dnyaneshwari’ means a resting place. This fort is also known by the name of Vyaghragad.
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    Metioned in Sabhasad Bakhar, Kalanidhigad is built by Chh. Shivaji Maharaj. This fort creating purpose to hold to Herekar Sawant-Bhosale and Tambulwadikar Sawant.
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    Bhaskargad or Basgad is a part of Trimbak range, near to the famous “Trimbakeshwar”, one of the 12 “Jyotirlingas” in India. This is 43 km east of Nashik, and was built to guard the ancient Gonda pass which was a trade route from the west coast towards Nashik.
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    Alang, Madan and Kulung are amongst the tough forts in Sahyadri which have pretty steep hikes. Kulang needs a long hike and is the easier one, whereas Alang and Madan need climbing equipment. These all forts form the Kalsubai range along with Pabargad, Ratangad and Kalsubai peak.
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    "Gadgada Sangvi” village is 18 kms from Nashik which unfolds the hill range known as Amboli. There are 3 peak attracts our attention.The right tops ' Amboli 'on the left and Summit ' Aghori'. And the middle peak is known as “Gadgada Fort”. To head this fort Use of climbing mechanism is must. The fort primarily was used as Watch tower.
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    A North-south range of Sahyadri, which turns from Igatpuri towards eastern Thal Ghat, is known as ‘Kalsubai Range’. It is divided into two parts, one being Alang, Madan, Kulang and Kalsubai, and the other at the east is Aundh, Patta, Bitangad, Aad and mountain of Mhasoba.
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    Ramshej Fort is located north of Nashik city, and has been historically significant. History has it, that the fort was attacked by Mughals (Aurangzeb’s army), and his commanders threatened the Maratha kingdom saying that they would capture the fort in hours. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s son Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj and his army resisted these attacks for almost 6 years. One can find the references to this battle well fought by brave Maratha warriors from Mughal letters.
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    The Ajantha-Saatmal mountain range which runs East-West has many forts viz; Achala, Ahivant, Markandeya, Ravla-Javla, Kanhergad, Dhodap and Kanchana. The battle of Kanchanbari was fought in the area surrounding this fort. “Bari” means a valley. Kanchan fort must have been built to keep an eye on the trade route passing through this valley.
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    The mountain range starting from Saptashrungi hosts many forts viz; Saptashrungigad, Markandeya, Ravlya-Javlya, Dhodap etc. Markandeya stands opposite to Saptashrungi hill. The mountain and the fort derives its names after Sage Markandeya who had stayed here.
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    Chaulher is also known by various other names as Chaurgad and Chalheri. Chaulher and Salher are conceived as twins. Salher is the highest fort of Maharashtra. Likewise the other big fort in Bauglan region is Chaulher which have striking resemblance to Salher in shape.
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    Hatgad fort stands overlooking Surgana taluka from where the eastern range of Sahyadris starts called as Saatmal range. This fort is branched from the main mountain range.
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    Vairagad Fort  is famous for it’s ancient Temple & fort. On the bank of river Khobragadi and Sati, an ancient fort of Nag kingdom. Accourding to Italian survey, there may be diamond mine. The name Vairagad to be a corruption Of ‘ Vajrakar ‘ meaning ‘ Diamond mine. The village Vairagad is surrounded by security wall of fort.It has been identified by some as being the same as Viratnagari of the Mahabharat where the Pandavas passed in hiding the period of their exile in disguise. About half a mile to the south of Wairagad is a small temple of Bhadresvar crowning the top of a small hillock. It is probably quite antique and bears great resemblance to the style after which the Markandeya temple at Markanda is built.
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    Vardhangad Fort  lies on the Bhadle-Kundla spur of the Mahadev range at a point of it on the boundary between the Koregaon and Khatav Talukas, seven miles north-east of Koregaon and nine miles north-east of Satara.
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    The square hill fort of Kamalgad in Wai covers a flat area of 3-4 acres. The fort is surrounded by steep rock and can only be reached by perilously scaling this rock. Earlier, the approach was by an artificial tunnel, which started at the base of the rock and emerged on the top. Now this tunnel is blocked by a big rock which fell into it and was never removed. Likely, its height and steep rock around it provided it with enough protection. 

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    Kenjalgad or Ghera Khelanja is a flat-topped hill of an irregular oval shape, about 800 meters long and 300 meters wide at the extremes, looking remarkably strong both from a far and near. The fort is a black scarp rising vertically from the main ridge which is hogbacked. Reaching out to 4269 ft. Kenjalgad is counted as one of the tallest fort in Satara District.

     

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    There are several forts named Jaigad and from that two Jaigad forts are situated in the same Ratnagiri district but one is a coastal one an other is located in a dense Jungle. The fort on the coast is recognised as Only "Jaigad" and the second one which is located in dense forest is known as "Jangli Jaigad" after its location.

     

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    The fort was built on an old fortified site on the north bank of Kali River where it meets the sea. It had about 8 meters high ramparts which were about 2 metres wide at the top. There were towers and openings for guns. The citadel was at the highest point. An outwork was on the west, near the sea at the base of the cliff and was appropriately called Pani Killa. There was another outwork on the eastern slope. The citadel had single arched gateway.

    In the year of 1783, the British also had occupied Sadashivgad for a short while. By the treaty of Mangalore in March 1784. Sadashivgad was restored to Tipu Sultan by the British. War erupted between Tipu and the British in 1791. Taking advantage of this unsteady position, the Portuguese invaded Sadashivgad but they had to surrender it to Tipu in March 1793. After the battle of Shringapattan in which Tipu died fighting bravely in May 1799, the entire district came under the authority of the British.

     

     

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    Varugad fort is placed in the Satara region of the Sahyadris. The hill fort is at a height of 2,900 ft. Bhairavnath temple and the fortification remains are the attractions. Bus services are available from Phaltan to Girvi village. From there walk up to Jadhavwadi, a village at the foot hills, and then follow a trek route to reach the top.

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    Balwantgad fort is small fort in Kasara region from base village Vihigaon.
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    Kaldurg Fort is situated to the east of Palghar, Maharashtra, India, in the Sahyadri mountain range of northern Konkan. It is strategically situated at a height of at least 475 meters above sea level, giving views of the Arabian Sea and the industrial town of Palghar to the west, as well as views of the Surya River to the east.
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    Of the many forts in the Thane region, all of which were primarily built and managed by the Portuguese during their reign of Bassein (Vasai) in the 16th century.
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    Gumtara Fort, in Bhiwndi taluka of Thane District, on a hill 1949 feet high, can be reached from the village of Dugaad.
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    Ghodbunder Fort is a fort located in Ghodbunder Village, Thane, Maharashtra, India, on the hill just south of the Ulhas River. It was built by the Portuguese, occupied by the Maratha Empire, and became the East India Company's district headquarters. The place was called as Ghodbunder because in was where the Portuguese used to trade for ghode (horses) with the Arabs. Hence the name Ghodbunder: ghode (horses) & bunder (port).
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    Sanksi Fort The name Sankshi is said to have been derived from a chief named Sank who is traditionally believed to have been the lord of the fort, also known as Badr-ud-din, or Darghaca Killa from a tomb or dargah of the saint Badr-ud-din at its foot, lies within the limits of Nidivali village about five miles north-east of Pen.
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    The Kurdugad Fort also known as Vishramgad is said to have been developed during the reign of Shivaji. Shivaji's Sardar Baji Pasalkar was involved in the work. It was later under the control of Peshavas. But during British rule this site had gone into obscurity. Baji Pasalkar's descendant Shri. Dattoba Pasalkar brought this fort again in light.
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    Peth, also known as ‘Kothaligad’, is situated in Shahapur Taluka, approximately 21Km North East of Karjat. This fort stands tall in the company of various other forts like Rajmachi, Dhak, Siddhagad and Bhimashankar, a witness to our illustrious history.
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    Padmadurg, also known as Kasa fort, is one of five historical sea forts built by Maratha Kings in 1676 C.E. and located in Raigad district Maharashtra, India. It was built by Maratha kings to challenge another seaport Janjira which was controlled by Siddis.
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    The fort was not actually a fort, it was more like a vestige of a few standing structures.
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    Samangad is a hill fort in Kolhapur District, Maharashtra. It is 2,600 feet (790 m) above sea level. The fort is situated on the oval-shaped top of the hill. The eight-foot-high wall of the fort which encircled the hill top is still intact. Earlier several cisterns cut out of the rock ensured a plentiful supply of water to the fort but by 1957 most of them were in ruins.

     

     

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    Prabalgad Fort is located between Matheran and Panvel, at an elevation of 2300 feet in the Western Ghats. It was built on a plateau very close to Matheran, but unlike Matheran it does not have a good source of water. It was known as Muranjan until it was taken over and renamed by the Maratha forces under Chhatrapati Shivaji's rule. The fort contains a temple to Ganesh and some stone ruins. Its sister fort is Irshalgad.
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    Paargad Fort is situated to the south of Kolhapur in Maharashtra state in India, at a distance of around 28km from Chandgad. One of the major attractions of this fort is its serene environment and lush green surroundings.

    Apart from this, it is also known for housing a wonderful bronze statue of Shivaji and a temple of Bhagawati Bhawani. The gad can be trekked from the village morle and across Palye located in dodamarg taluka. Bus service is there from dodamarg to morle(18 km) and dodamarg to Palye (16km) a bus service is also there from chandagad directly to pargad on the way to pargadh from Goa also visit towns of here Dodamarg , Palye and Medhe for the beautifully crafted tanks .we also visit Tilari Dam on the way . Fort was maintained by Raiba(Son of Tanaji Malusare).

     

     

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    This fort was built by Kanhoji Angre, the brave warrior of Knkan coast, in 1705 AD on a highland of the sea port of Devgad.
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    Shivgad is located at Ghonsari village in Phondaghat area. This magnificent fort beckons adventurous tourists and mountaineers.
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    The fort of Manohargad is the only accessible fort in this couple of fort. These are two peaks of the same hill and are separated by a col. Manasantoshgad fort is not accessible and can be only viewed from Manohargad. On Manohargad there are remains of Wada (palace), a well and Vasa or place of worship.
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    Rajkot Fort located An half Km away by coast way from Malvan jetty. North of Malwan were two additional forts, Rajkot and Sarjekot.
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    Akluj Fort, Shiv shrusthi 1.5 km is a historically significant fort that is situated near Solapur in Maharashtra.
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    Gagangad was built by Raja Bhoj II (Shilahara dynasty) in 1190. After that Singhan Yadava defeated King Bhoj in 1209 and captured this fort. After dividing Bahamani dynasty this fort goes to under Adilshahi. In Maratha Empire Chh. Rajaram Maharaj appoint there chief of Ramchandrapant Amatya as Jahagir. In 1844 British army demolished Gagangad fort.

     

     

     

     

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    Madha is famous for Rambhaji Nimbalkar who lived here and built a fort. The head-quarters of the Madha Panchayat Samiti are, however, located at Kurduwadi.
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    Pavangad is a hill fort in the Kolhapur District. A fort is dummy and guard to Panhala, actually a twin fort of Panhala, about 3 km away from the Panhala. this fort is also known as Pavitragad.

     

     

     

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    The Sahyadri range in Igatpuri region is mainly divided into eastern range and western range. The eastern range is known as Kalsubai range comprising of forts like Kalsubai, Kulang, Alang, Avandha-Patta while the eastern region includes Tringalwadi, Kavnai, Harihar, Brahmagiri and Anjaneri forts. This region can be rambled over from Igatpuri or Ghoti village.
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    Mudagad fort named mention on letter 1748. After Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaja’s death, this fort control on Peshwa’s(Prime minister of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj).
    Internal quarrel of Maratha’s, Tulaji Angre captured this fort from Peshwa’s. Then after Karvirkar and Sawantwadikar recaptured this fort. I

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    Trimbak fort played a part in the history. Ramchandra of Yadavas of Devgiri built it. In 1629, Mughal Emperor Shahjahan sent an army and after a long battles in the areas captured it in 1636.
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    The Ahmednagar Fort is located in the heart of the city of Ahmednagar, It was the headquarters of the Ahmednagar Sultanate. In 1803 it was taken by the British in during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. Later it was used by the British Raj as a prison. Currently the fort is under the administration of the Armoured Corps of the Indian Army.

     In 1803 the Ahmednagar Fort was round in appearance, with twenty-four bastions, one large gate, and three small sally ports. It had a glacis, no covered way; a ditch, revetted with stone on both sides, about 18 feet (5.5 m) wide, with 9 feet (2.7 m) water all round, which only reached within 6 or 7 feet (2.1 m) of the top of the scarp; long reeds grew in it all round. The berm was only about one yard wide. The rampart was of black hewn stone; the parapet of brick in chunam, and both together appeared from the crest of the glacis to be only as high as the pole of a field-officer's tent. The bastions were all about 4 1/2 feet higher; they were round. One of them mounted eight guns en barbet, pointing eastward; all the rest had jingies, four in each. In 1803 two guns were visible in each bastion, and 200 were said to be ready in the fort to be mounted.

     

     

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    Ratangad is a fort in Ratan Wadi, Maharashtra, India, overlooking the locale of Bhandardara, one of the oldest artificial catchment area. The fort is about 2000 years old.
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    Dharmapuri is more of a 'Gadhi' than a fort, located about 30 kms from Ambejogai on the road to Ahmadpur.

    The peculiar feature of the fort is that a lot of temple remenants have been used in the construction. Practically every wall of the fort addorns beautiful carvings from some temple structure. The outer walls are pretty much in good shape and even the doorway is in decent condition but inside hardly any structures remain. On one side you can see the remnants of walls of some rooms and a room with a almost complete roof. Opposite to that on a bastion there is the grave of a 'Pir'.  

     

     

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    Akola fort (also called Asadgad) along with the Narnala and Akot forts forms the major fortifications of the Akola district, Maharashtra.ts earliest form of mud was made by one Akol Singh to protect the village. He saw a hare chasing a dog and considering this to be an auspicious sign, he built an earthen wall here to protect the village

     

     

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    Located at Sakoli Tehsil is the Sangadi Fort. The fort currently lies in ruins erected by the Divan family of Seoni, which held the two zamindari estates of Gewardha in Chanda and Rajoli in Bhandara. The fort was called Sahangad or the fort of Sahan, the word meaning the court or small enclosure at the back of a house. It is said that the village was so named because it lay right at the extremity of the parganas to the south-east.
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    Wadi Fort is placed on a hill top of Ajanta-Satmala range, which is named after the Vetalwadi village at its foothills. Many carved water tanks used to take care of the water requirement of the the then residents of the fort. One huge lake on the top will amuse you with its beauty. Towards its north alongside a natural waterfall we have a Ganesh and Shiva temples. The fort offers you an enthralling view of the Khandesh plains

     

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