Mumbai is India's financial, commercial, and entertainment centre. It is also one of the top ten global financial flow centres, contributing 6.16 percent of India's GDP and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of marine trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT), and 70% of capital transactions. Important financial institutions, such as the Reserve Bank of India, are located in the city. About Mumbai city Mumbai (officially known as Bombay until 1995) is the capital city of Maharashtra, an Indian state. Mumbai is located on India's west coast, on the Konkan coast, and boasts a deep natural harbor. Mumbai was named an alpha world city in 2008. It is also India's wealthiest city, with the highest number of millionaires and billionaires of any Indian city. The Koli people lived in fishing colonies on the seven islands that would eventually become Mumbai. The islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires for centuries before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and then to the East India Company when Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza in 1661 and received the ports of Tangier and the Seven Islands of Bombay as part of her dowry. The Hornby Vellard project, which reclaimed the territory between the seven islands from the sea in the mid-eighteenth century, changed Bombay. The reclamation project, which was completed in 1845 and included the construction of important roads and railways, converted Bombay into a prominent seaport on the Arabian Sea. Economic and educational development characterized Bombay in the nineteenth century. It became a key stronghold for the Indian independence movement in the early twentieth century. When India gained independence in 1947, the city became part of the Bombay State. Following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement in 1960, a new state of Maharashtra was established in 1960, with Bombay as its capital. Tourist places Saint George fort, Sewri Fort, Sion Fort,Mahim, Chapel, Agiari, Dongri, Old Fort,Juhu , Girgaum Chowpatty, Madh, Manori,Elephanta Caves,Kanheri , Mahakali , Jogeshwari, Badami, Kondivti or Mahakali , Brahmanic,Kamla Nehru park, Sanjay Gandhi National Park ,Sewree Mangrove Park, Shivaji park Maharashtra nature park,Bhau Daji Lad Museum, bombay race cource, Borivli Park, Kamala Nehru Park, The Gateway of India, Malabar Point, Jehangir Art Gallery, Juma Mosque, Nehru Centre, dargah of Pir Sayed Ahmad Ali Shah Kadri , Powai Hills and Lake ". How to Reach Location The District Mumbai City is situated on the West coast of India between 18˚ 52′ and 19˚ 04′ North latitudes and 72˚47′ and 72˚54′ East longitudes. It is surrounded on three sides by water, the open Arabian Sea to the West and South and Thane creek to the East. To the North it is bordered by Mumbai (Suburban) District. By Air: Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, formerly known as Sahar International Airport, is the primary international airport serving the Mumbai Metropolitan Area. It is situated about 30 km from CST Station. Domestic Airport is in Vile Parle East. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji has 2 terminals. Terminal 1 or Domestic Terminal used to be the old airport called Santacruz Airport, some locals are still using this name nowadays. Terminal 2 or International Terminal replaced the old terminal 2, formerly known as the Sahar Airport. The Santa Cruz Domestic Airport is about 4.5 kilometres from the international airport. There are regular direct flights to Mumbai easily available from other airports. Buses and cabs are easily available from the airport to reach desired destinations. By Train: Mumbai is very well connected to rest of India by trains. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is the most popular station in Mumbai. Trains to Mumbai are available from all major railway stations in India. Some important Mumbai trains to note are the Mumbai Rajdhani, Mumbai Duronto, Konkan Kanya Express. However, if you are coming from other central or suburban railway stations, then you can reach CST through local transport. Mumbai is well-connected by road that leads to all major cities in India.The rail system is known as the backbone of the city transportation system. By Road: Mumbai is well-connected with national highways and expressways . Mumbai visit by bus is the most economical for individual tourists. Government, as well as private buses, operate daily services to this route. Mumbai bus stand is situated at the center of the city. Travelling to Mumbai by car is the common choice made by travelers. One can easily opt for Mumbai car rental for this trip. So Mumbai travel by cab is one of the efficient ways to explore the city. Travelling to Mumbai by road is most suitable for those cruising with friends and family.
The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Marathi language speaking Koli people. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay. During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea.Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon India's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital