Tribal culture - DOT-Maharashtra Tourism

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Tribal Culture

Districts / Region

Maharashtra state had several tribes residing over centuries. There are some tribal districts like Palghar and Gadchiroli in Maharashtra. North Konkan, Khandesh and Vidarbha have some tribal belts known for tribal culture.Maharashtra state has had several tribes residing over centuries. There are some tribal districts like Palghar and Gadchiroli in Maharashtra. North Konkan, Khandesh and Vidarbha have some tribal belts known for tribal culture.

Unique Features

Maharashtra has two tribal ethnic groups of tribes known as Bhils
and Gonds. These ethnic groups comprise many tribes within
them. Tribal groups in Western Maharashtra mainly concentrated
in Nandurbar and surrounding areas in Khandesh and Palghar
district of Konkan. While in eastern Maharashtra, tribes belong to
the central Indian tribal belt, concentrated in Chandrapur,
Vidarbha, Gondia and other districts of Maharashtra.
Warli, Dheda, Dubala, Konkana, Mahadev Koli and others are the
significant tribes belonging to the Bhil group and are seen in
Western Maharashtra. The various subgroups of Gonds and
Pradhan, Kolam are some of the tribes representing Gond groups
of tribes in Vidarbha.
The tribal costume is simple and adapted to the environment as
well as their subsistence. A simple power garment like a Dhoti or
pants is a common feature. Poverty usually doesn't allow many of
them to have elaborate dhoti or so. Women wear Saree, which is
shorter in length than the Saree worn by Urban or rural women.
Sometimes it is worn mainly as a lower garment, and the upper
garment is like a blouse.
Tribes are known for their unique ornaments. These are mainly
made of silver, copper, terracotta, flowers, beads, shells, etc.
Tribes ornament their bodies with tattoos that have socio-religious
significance.

Cultural Significance

Tribal costumes, ornaments and tattoos are culture-specific. They change as per the Socio-religious context of each of them. They also maintain not only the family tradition but also the ethnic identity of their tribe. Though the urban influence is wiping this off in recent times.
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