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Karnala Bird Sanctuary

Karnala near Panvel is a sanctuary dedicated to birds. It is the third sanctuary near the city of Mumbai after Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Tungareshwar hills. Comparatively, it is a small sanctuary and covers an area of 12.11 sq. KM. It is on the Mumbai Goa highway and easily accessible by road.

Distance from Mumbai: 52 kms


Raigad district, Maharashtra, India.Raigad district, Maharashtra, India.


This Sanctuary was established in 1968 and initially covered an area of 4.45 sq. KM. In 2003, it was expanded to cover the additional green zone and now we have approx. 12 sq. KM. dedicated to birds. It also houses the fort of Karnala, which makes it a favourite destination for bird watchers and trekkers from Mumbai and Pune.

Karnala is within 50 KM from Mumbai and is considered a very good family picnic spot. Karnala offers a variety to bird watchers in different seasons. At the onset of rains, one can see the paradise flycatcher with its fairy-like white streamers, the Shama or the Magpie robin and the Malabar whistling thrush which are some of the most melodious avian songsters.
The winter is the season of migrants. The visitors here include a variety of birds such as the blackbird, the blue-headed rock-thrush, the bluethroat, the red-breasted flycatcher, the ashy minivet, the black-headed Cuckoo-shrike and a host of others.


Karnala is in Panvel district. It is very close to Mumbai-Pune Express highway and on the Mumbai-Goa highway. 


The prominent weather in the region is rainfall, the Konkan belt experiences High Rainfall (ranges around 2500 mm to 4500 mm), and the climate remains Humid and warm. The temperature reaches up to 30 degrees Celsius during this season.
Summers are hot and humid, and the temperature touches 40 degrees Celsius.
Winters have a comparatively milder climate (around 28 degrees Celsius), and the weather remains Cool and Dry.

Things to do

Karnala is known for trekking, bird watching and good family picnics within a one day schedule.  Karnala is a paradise for bird watchers. One can also visit the Nature Interpretation Centre and trek down to the famous Karnala Fort located amidst sanctuary. Plenty of resorts with amusement activities are available in this zone, which can be explored for some fun and adventure.

Nearest tourist places

Nearby places to visit Karnala sanctuary
1. Kalavantin Durg (27 KM).
2. Irshalgad Fort (33 KM)
3. Matheran (60 KM)
4. Prabalgad Fort (27 KM)

Special food speciality and hotel

There are no restaurants inside the Karnala Sanctuary, however, being on the national highway many restaurants and dhabas are available to choose from. The restaurants are known for serving seafood and local Agri styled food. These restaurants also serve other cuisines including Chinese, South Indian, North Indian etc. 

Accommodation facilities nearby & Hotel/ Hospital/Post Office/Police station

Karnala is surrounded by facilities for accommodation like lodges, hotels and resorts, etc. It also has a good primary health clinic and hospitalization services in proximity. Panvel Police station is the nearest police station.

Visiting Rule and Time, Best month to visit

The forest department rules must be followed as this is a sanctuary. Visitors are not allowed to linger after sunset. September to March is the best season to visit. The forest department rules must be followed as this is a sanctuary. Visitors are not allowed to linger after sunset. September to March is the best season to visit. 

Language spoken in area 

English, Hindi, Marathi .