It is bordered to the north by Pune, to the north-west by Raigad, to the east by Solapur, to the south by Sangli, and to the west by Ratnagiri. About District History The capital of the Maratha Kingdom, ‘SATARA,' was spread out over 14 square kilometres. This place is steeped in history. Several great warriors, monarchs, saints, and renowned people leave their imprint on Maharashtra's history. Karad is perhaps the oldest known place in Satara area, according to inscriptions dating back to 200 B.C. (mentioned as Karhakada). Wai in Satara district is also thought to be the site of the ‘Viratnagari,' where Pandavas dwelt during their 13th year of exile. For approximately two centuries, the “Satvahans” ruled over the Mauryan empire in the Deccan (between 550 A.D. to 750 A.D.)Satara, like the rest of southern Maharashtra, was ruled by the Chalukyas of Badami, then the Rashtrakutas, Silaharas, and Yadav of Devgiri, the Bahamanis, Adil Shahi, Muslim Rule, Shivaji (Maratha Rule), Shahu Ram Raja, and Shahu II Pratapsinh. He was the first Musalman. The Deccan Invasion took place in 1296. Satara was governed by Muslims until 1707. The Nijam Shahi Dynasty came to an end in 1636. Ch Shivaji Maharaj Chatrapati Shri. Shivaji Maharaj, the Golden Era of the Maratha Kingdom Shivaji, Shahaji's son and the founder of the Maratha empire, had begun to establish himself in the hilly region of Poona in the north, which he had been given. During the reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, the most serious incident occurred. Shivaji Maharaj visited Pune and Satara, particularly the Sahyadri mountain ranges. The western half of Satara district was covered in deep forests and high hills, which is why Shivaji Maharaj built roughly 25 forts there. Throughout his life, he had struggled with Adil Shahi, Mughals.Due to Shivaji's increasing accomplishments, Adilshah dispatched Afzal Khan, a huge sardar from Bijapur, to put a stop to Shivaji's reign. He persecuted the people and demolished several temples in the holy cities of Pandharpur and Tuljapur, followed by a massive army. Shivajiraje seized Parali and Satara forts in 1663. He asked his "GURU," Shri Samartha Ramdas Swami, to stay on this parali fort, which was afterwards dubbed "Sajjangad." Satara city is around 12 kilometres away. Satara is a city in Maharashtra, India, located on the slopes of the Satara fort, also known as Ajinkyatara. Geographical information: The river basins of the Bhima and Krishna rivers go through Satara district. Satara's physical environments offer a range of landscapes impacted by relief, climate, and vegetation, as well as a contrast of enormous size.The relief varies from the pinnacles and high plateaus of the main Sahyadrians range, which are over 4500 feet above mean sea level, to the Nira river's depressed basin in Phaltan tahasils, which is roughly 1700 feet above mean sea level.The wettest region is Mahabaleshwar, with an average annual rainfall of around 6000 mm, and the driest is Man tahsil, with an average annual rainfall of about 500 mm. The vegetation varies as well, ranging from typical monsoon forest in the west to scrub and low grass in the east. Geographical coordinates: North latitudes 17.5–18.11; East longitudes 73.33–74.54 10480 square kilometres (sq.km.) Tourist places Bhiravgad, Bhopalgad, garison, Sundargad, gunwantgad, Jangli Jaygadil, Kamalgad, Vasantgad, Mud, Kenjagad OR Ghera KHBLANJA , Khelarja, Nandgiri, Machindragad, Maratha, Yavteshwar,Purandhar, Mahimandangad, "Rajapuri Caves, Agashiv Caves , Buddhist, Mahadev, Robbers, Pandavgad, Varadghar" Chhatrapati Shivaji Museum, Shri Bhavani Museum, Char Bhinti Hutatma Smarak, Mayani Bird Santury, Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary, Thoseghar Waterfall, Kate’s Point, Wilson Point, Connaught peak, Elphinst How to reach :- By flight Satara is 123 kilometres away from Lohegaon Airport, which can be reached using buses and taxis available near the airport. The drive to Satara takes roughly 2 hours and 44 minutes. Satara is around 264 kilometres from Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji Airport, which is a four-and-a-half-hour drive by car. Taking the Train Satara Railway Station, on the Pune-Miraj line, is well connected to other Indian cities. Satara may also be reached by regular trains from Mumbai and Pune. By Car Satara has a working bus station. You can also take a Volvo bus with reclining seats or a sleeper bus. Bus services are provided by private companies. MSRTC (Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation) provides regular and frequent bus services to Satara from Mumbai and Pune, in addition to private buses. The neighbourhood is also well-served by public transportation to other nearby cities.
The Sahyadri range, or main range of the Western Ghats, runs north and south along the western edge of the district, separating it from Ratnagiri District. The Mahadeo range starts about 10 m. north of Mahabaleshwar and stretches east and south-east across the whole of the district. The Mahadeo hills are bold, presenting bare scarps of black rock like fortresses. The Satara district is part of two main watersheds. The Bhima River watershed, which is a tributary of the Krishna, includes the north and northeast of the district, north of the Mahadeo hills. The rest of the district is drained by the upper Krishna and its tributaries. The hill forests have a large store of timber and firewood. The whole of Satara district falls within the Deccan Traps area; the hills consist of trap intersected by strata of basalt and topped with laterite, while, of the different soils on the plains, the commonest is the black loamy clay containing carbonate of lime. This soil, when well watered, is capable of yielding heavy crops. Satara contains some important irrigation works, including the Krishna canal. In some of the western parts of the district the average annual rainfall exceeds 5 m.; but on the eastern side water is scanty, the rainfall varying from 1 m in Satara town to less than 30 cm in some places farther east. The district is traversed from north to south by a railway line, which passes 15 km east of Satara town