Solapur is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The district headquarters is located at Solapur. It is situated on the state's south-eastern border, totally inside the Bhima and Seena basins. The Bhima River drains the entire district. Beedi production is dominated by the Solapur district. Kundalsangam, Karmala, and Barshi have chosen the route of industrial and educational development. Many lingayat devotees visit the mallikarjun temple in Akkalkot on a daily basis.Shri Siddharameshwar is the "Gramadaiwata" of Solapur, an ancient historical and religious site.Shri Siddharameshwar was a 12th century historical figure whose "Karmayoga" on his native region of Solapur transformed him into a God-figure over time. Siddharama was a major contribution to Lingayata religion and is regarded as one of the religion's six prophets. He had attained "Siddhi."Shri Siddharameshwar built a lake with the help of 4000 "Sharanas" to alleviate the problem of potable water in Solapur, which was prone to drought. At Solapur, he entombed himself alive (Shivyogsamadhi).On May 9, 10, and 11, 1930, during the Indian independence movement, the people of Solapur had complete freedom. However, Shri Mallappa Dhanshetti, Shri Kurban Hussein, Shri Jagannath Shinde, and Shri Kisan Sarda were executed in the Pune prison on January 12, 1931, as a result of this. The city was dubbed "The City of Hutatmas" as a result of this.Lord Vitthal, Maharashtra's presiding deity, is located in this district at Pandharpur. Swami Samarth of Akkalkot has a wide range of devotees. Solapur is a well-known textile town, particularly for its skilled weavers, and is a major railway junction on the North-South train line. About Solapur Various dynasties controlled the Solapur District, including the Andhrabhratyas, Chalukyas, Rashtrkutas, Yadavas, and Bahamanis. The name ‘SOLAPUR' is thought to be derived from two words: ‘SOLA' which means sixteen, and ‘PUR' which means village.Aadilpur, Ahmedpur, Chapaldev, Fatehpur, Jamdarwadi, Kalajapur, Khadarpur, Khandervkiwadi, Muhammadpur, Ranapur, Sandalpur, Shaikpur, Solapur, Sonalagi, Sonapur, and Vaidakwadi were all regarded to be part of the current city of Solapur.However, recent study has revealed that the word SOLAPUR is not originated from a conglomeration of sixteen settlements. The settlement was known as ‘Sonnalage', which was pronounced as ‘Sonnalagi', according to Shivayogi Shri.inscriptions Siddheshwar's from the time of the Kalachuristis of Kalyani. Even during the Yadava era, the settlement was known as Sonnalagi.The town was called as Sonalipur, according to a sanskrit inscription unearthed at Kamati in Mohol following the defeat of the Yadavas in Shake 1238. Sonalpur was the name of the town according to one inscription found in Solapur fort, while Sandalpur was the name of the town according to another inscription found in the fort's well.Sandalpur was the name of the town during the Muslim period. As a result, it's most likely that the name Solapur evolved over time by eliminating the "na" from Sonalpur. Following this, the British rulers pronounced Solapur as Sholapur, and thus the district's name. Tourism Places "Solapur Fort,Dhotri Fort,Aurangzeb’s Fort,Mangalvedha Fort,Akluj Fort,Piliv Fort, ,Tembhurni Fort, Karmala, Machnur, Madha, Sangola""Siddheshwar Forest, Pandharpur forest" "Masunda Talao, Upvan Lake, Kachrali Talao, Jawhar Palace, Tansa Lake, Dabhosa Waterfall St.Jerome Church, Our Lady of Bethelehem Church, Lady of Egypt Church, Holy Cross Church, Dev Pond, St. John the Evangelist, Sanjan Peak or St. John Peak or Barat Hill, Bhimala Pond, Holy Magi Church" How to reach By Train: Solapur Railway Station's main entrance The primary railway hub in the city is Solapur railway station. The Solapur Railway Division is a vital link between South and Western and North Western India. Trains go via Solapur from Ahmedabad, Jaipur, New Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, and other southern states(Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala). By Road: SMT (Solapur Municipal Transport), SMC, and other private cabs manage Solapur's internal city transportation. By Air: Solapur Airport (IATA code: SSE) is located to the south of the city of Solapur. From Solapur Airport, scheduled flights are available. The Maharashtra government intends to modernise the airport.
According to the 2011 census Solapur District has a population of 4,317,756, the 43rd largest for a district in India.The district has a population density of 290 inhabitants per square kilometre (750/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.1%. Solapur has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 77.72%. At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 73.13% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 12.28% Kannada, 6.80% Hindi, 3.04% Telugu and 3.94% Urdu as their first language. Marathi is the official language, while Kannada is mainly spoken in eastern regions.