Sanjay Gandhi National Park falls within the suburban region of Mumbai. It covers 87 sq. KM of land, out of which 34 sq. KM is the core protected zone. More than 2 million visitors pay a visit to Sanjay Gandhi National Park every year. This park gives a unique combination of flora, fauna and ancient history, with Kanheri caves situated right in the heart of the National Park.
Borivali Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.
The Sanjay Gandhi National Park area has a long written history dating back to the 4th century BCE. Its original name was Krishnagiri National Park which comes from the Krishnagiri Caves or the Kanheri Caves. It also houses the Tulsi and Vihar lakes which were constructed by the British government in 1870. These lakes provide drinking water to Mumbai city. In 1950, the Krishnagiri National Park was established under the Bombay National Park Act. Initially, the area of this park was only 20.26 sq. KM. Later in 1969, the dairy development board's additional 2076 hectares of land was added to National Park. Today it covers more than 100 sq. KM of forests forming almost 20% of Mumbai's geographic area. Till now 254 species of birds, 40 species of mammals, 78 species of reptiles and amphibians, 150 species of butterflies and 1,300 species of plants have been registered at this national park. It also has a tiger and lion safari which is a tourist attraction. It also offers various experiences like butterfly garden, toy train, nature trails, camping, heritage walks etc. that keeps attracting visitors around the year.
The park entrance is in the Borivali suburb and is spread till Thane city on the north. It encompasses the area from other suburbs like Goregaon, Malad, Kandivali, Dahisar from western suburban Mumbai and Bhandup, Mulund in the eastern suburbs. It is the only protected forest located within the limits of a city.The park entrance is in the Borivali suburb and is spread till Thane city on the north. It encompasses the area from other suburbs like Goregaon, Malad, Kandivali, Dahisar from western suburban Mumbai and Bhandup, Mulund in the eastern suburbs. It is the only protected forest located within the limits of a city.
The prominent weather in the region is rainfall, the Konkan belt experiences High Rainfall (ranges around 2500 mm to 4500 mm), and the climate remains Humid and warm. The temperature reaches up to 30 degrees Celsius during this season.
Summers are hot and humid, and the temperature touches 40 degrees Celsius.
Winters have a comparatively milder climate (around 28 degrees Celsius), and the weather remains Cool and Dry.
Things to do
- Kanheri caves inside Sanjay Gandhi National Park are known for the ancient rock-cut caves. These have some of the best pieces of Buddhist architecture.
- Nature trails and treks at National Park are also popular.
- Many rock climbing enthusiasts often visit the national park to practice at the Kanheri Caves.
- Tiger and Lion Safari
- Boating and entertainment activities
Nearest tourist places
1. Aarey Milk colony (11 KM)
2. Powai Lake (18 KM)
3. Aksa beach (15 KM)
Special food speciality and hotel
This park has its canteen or there are some places to sit and have your own food. Carrying your own food is a great option to have your meals. Being part of Mumbai, a variety of cuisines are available around the park.
Visiting Rule and Time, Best month to visit
The visiting hours for the park are 7.30am to 6.00 pm. In the rainy season and winter months this place has the charm of greenery.
Language spoken in area
English, Hindi, Marathi.