The Gateway of India was constructed in 1924 in commemoration of the visit of King George V and Queen Mary to the city of Mumbai. The structure is overlooking the Mumbai Harbour and includes a large arch with a central dome supported by four intricately decorated turrets inside. Hence, both the buildings have become the centre of attraction for local and foreign tourists. The Gateway of India is a prime monument built in the 20th century in Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay) in India. It was erected for the commemoration of the arrival of King George V and Queen Mary at Apollo Buder on their visit to India in 1911.
In the month of March 1911, Sir George Sydenham Clarke, then Governor of Bombay, laid down the first foundation of the monument Gateway of India. The plan of this monument was approved later in 1914, and the reclamations at Apollo Bunder were finished in 1919. George Wittet, the famous architect then, made the architectural design of this monument. The final design of this monument was accepted by the authorities in 1914, and the Gateway of India became ready in all sense in 1924.
The structural design of the Gateway of India consists of a large arch which is of a height of 26m. The ingredients such as yellow basalt and indissoluble concrete were used to build this monument. The structural design of The Gateway of India is in the Indo-Saracenic style. There are a few glimpses of Muslim architectural styles which have been used while establishing the structure of the grandiose edifice. The central dome of this monument measures a diameter of 48 feet and a total height of 83 feet. We can note the design of intricate lattice work with the four turrets which stand as the prime features of the whole structure of the Gateway of India. There are a few steps that have been built behind the arch of the monument leading to the Arabian Sea. The sight of this monument is really amazing where the structure compels us to witness the large expanse of the ‘blue blanket’ located right ahead. It looks like welcoming and giving send off to the ships and visitors.
This fascinating monument of the Gateway of India is on the waterfront of the Apollo Buder area towards the end of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg in South Mumbai. The Gateway of India is popularly referred to as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai and remains at the top of the tourist destinations in Mumbai city.