Kaas Pathar is a plateau made from volcanic rocks in the Satara district of Maharashtra. It falls in the biosphere of the Western Ghats. The flowers, for which the plaque is known, bloom here after the July rains. With a variety of different flowering plants, several species of insects especially butterflies are seen in abundance.
Kaas plateau is a World Natural Heritage site. The government has taken a significant step to control possible damage by tourists, a limit of a maximum of 3000 visitors per day has been laid. In the month of September, some of the most common flowering plants that we can see are Eriocaulon Manoharanii, Pogostemon deccanensis, Senecio grahamii, Impatiens oppositifolia and Dipcadi montanum etc.
The plateau of Kaas experiences a natural cycle of extreme conditions. It becomes wet water-logged cool in monsoon rains, very dry, barren hot summer (45 degree C) and dry winter (5 degree C). The soil we find in the Kaas Plateau is a thin layer on top of Deccan rock, with varying quality of nutrients. We can note the annual cyclic ecosystem here. It is similar, but smaller lateritic plateaus have adapted to these conditions.
The small shrubs and trees at the periphery of the plateau at Kaas plateau, which makes it a fascinating sight. This plateau is made from volcanic rocks in the Satara district of Maharashtra. It comes under the biosphere of the Western Ghats.
Kaas Pathar is home to 1500 plant species, 450 wildflower species out of which 33 are endangered. Visiting the place in the season is a delight to the sight.