The Lal Mahal was established by Shahaji Raje Bhosale, father of Shivaji Maharaj - the founder of the Maratha Empire in (1630 AD) for the Young Shivaji and Jijabai. Shivaji Maharaj spent his childhood and training for the establishment of Swaraj in Lal Mahal. Shivaji Maharaj stayed here until he captured his first fort.
The palace is historically known for the famous encounter that took place between Shivaji Maharaj and Shaista Khan, and Shaista Khan lost his fingers while escaping.
It is notable here that the original Lal Mahal fell into ruins in due course of time. The present structure of Lal Mahal is a reconstruction of the original, and is in the centre of Pune city. The main entrance of the palace is designed similar to medieval architecture. After entering the open landscape you will see the statue of Shivaji as a child and his mother Jijabai. The ground floor has murals depicting Shivaji Maharaj's administration skills. The first-floor hall has paintings depicting main events in the life of Shivaji Maharaj including the episode of Shahista Khan that happened at this place.
There is also a collection of Weapons, Clothes, Coins, Utensils, letters from Shivaji Maharaj’s time displayed on the first floor.