India is blessed with a diverse natural and cultural landscape. Communities across India have proudly maintained their cultural identity, which can be seen in the variety of clothing, food, ceremonies, rituals, and festivals. Gudhi Padwa, which marks the start of the New Year, is one of India's most important celebrations, notably in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka.
Padwa is derived from the Prakrit word Prathama, which refers to the first day of the brilliant phase of the moon, also known as Pratipada in Sanskrit. For Hindus, this day is especially significant, and they celebrate it with a sense of joy and wealth.
This is the day, according to the Brahma Purana, an ancient Indian literature, when Brahma created the cosmos after the deluge, and time began to tick from that day forward. This celebration commemorates Lord Ramachandra's coronation upon his return to Ayodhya after conquering Ravana, according to legend.
Gudhi Padwa also marks the start of the Shalivahan calendar, which is named after the monarch Shalivahan, who defeated his adversaries the Huns. Gudhi Padwa is one of the Indian lunar calendar's three-and-a-half auspicious days (muhurtas). The unique aspect is that because every instant is auspicious, people can start new businesses on certain days.
A Gudhi, thought to be Brahma's flag (Brahmadhwaj), is hoisted outside every house on Gudhi Padwa as a symbol of victory and joy. It is reminiscent of the gallant Marathas returning home from successful war missions in Maharashtra. The Gudhi is usually held high because it is a sign of triumph.Gudhi is a gathi (sugar crystals), neem leaves, a twig of mango leaves, and a garland of red flowers strung to the tip of a long bamboo pole ornamented with brocade. All of these objects represent the wealth of nature in the springtime. In the inverted posture, a silver or copper pot is put atop the raised Gudhi.This Gudhi is then hoisted outside the house, in a window, terrace, or a high location where it can be seen by all. Gudhi is also thought to fend off evil, as well as bring prosperity and good fortune to the home.
Village houses' courtyards are cleaned clean and coated with fresh cow dung on the celebratory day. Even in the metropolis, individuals take the time to clean up after the winter. Women and girls work on complex rangoli designs on their doorsteps, the brilliant colours reflecting the springtime's rush of gladness and joy.Families are supposed to start the festivities by eating the bitter leaves of the neem tree, according to tradition. Typically, a neem leaf paste is made and combined with coriander seeds, jaggery, and tamarind. This paste is consumed by all members of the family and is thought to purify the blood and boost the body's immune system against disease.This practise is also based on the concept that if you begin the new year with a bitter taste, the year ahead would bring you happiness and sweet success.
India is mostly an agrarian country. Celebrations and celebrations are frequently associated with the changing of the seasons and the planting and harvesting of crops. On this day, one agricultural harvest comes to an end and another begins. It's the time of year when the sun's heat begins to increase. On this day, farmers begin ploughing the soil. As a result, the dirt beneath the surface gets churned up. The sun heats the fine soil particles, increasing the soil's potential to germinate seeds by a factor of ten. The sun rises above the point of junction of the equator and the meridians on the first day of Chaitra, signalling the start of the spring season. It's because in the spring, nature is brimming with life.
Gudhi Padwa is also celebrated to welcome the colourful spring season, which wakes the spirit in all living things and rejuvenates nature's beauty.Though there are mythical and historical allusions to this celebration, its strong connection to the everlasting cycle of seasons is more significant. The three stages of life - Utpatti, Sthitee, and Laya - were recognised by ancient Indian tradition, which was always one with nature. It means that the cosmos has a birth, state, and destruction cycle.
The rotation of the seasons lies at the heart of this ancient Indian philosophy. After the autumn, spring brings with it the promise of new life. The chirping of birds and butterflies, as well as the new foliage on the trees and the colourful blossoms of various flowers, the ripening of mangoes and other seasonal fruits, and the chirping of birds and butterflies, lift our spirits to new heights. As a result, Gudhi Padwa is a life celebration.It's a gentle reminder from nature to live and let live in a balanced relationship.